Defining them only prefabricated houses is an understatement. Today, wooden houses are real green building architectures, created to respect the environment and waste fewer resources: safe from the seismic point of view, resistant to fire, durable and without particular maintenance, with high thermal and acoustic insulation and therefore with high energy performance, with reduced production times.
There are different construction techniques: a platform frame with a wooden frame construction system, one of the oldest construction types; X-lam, more recent, with multilayer panels for assembling boards arranged at 90 ° from each other, glued together; blockhaus, shaped trunks superimposed on each other and crossed at the corners of the building to form the perimeter walls; solid wood structures plastered.
Among the peaks of the Ötztal Alps, in the Stelvio National Park, the architect Klaus Marsoner has designed and built with Rubner Haus a house that reconciles contemporary Bauhaus-inspired design with the symbiotic relationship with the surrounding landscape, developed on two floors that they are inserted one into the other, covered on the outside with a white plaster.
"We were sure we wanted to live in a wooden house", explain the owners Ingrid and Daniel Nagl: "we grew up surrounded by wood and we have always wanted to live in an environment where that particular warmth, that unmistakable scent, always accompanied us". The result was a structure of 150 square meters with rhythmic volumes that give lightness to the structure, with the protrusion of the second floor facing south.
The orientation of the building follows that of the ground, while the asymmetrical pitched roof is a long strip that slopes down on the north side while on the south it creates volume on the two floors. The glacial white of the external walls is contrasted by the internal warmth of the wooden walls and the custom-made furniture by a local carpenter. The ground floor is characterized by large sliding windows that connect the living room and kitchen with the external environment, to the east and south, where the swimming pool has been created. The double entrance allows Ingrid direct access to her physiotherapist office, which communicates with the rest of the house through a door that leads to the hall and to the oak stairs.
On the first floor, the master bedroom enjoys the light with which a long corner window illuminates the room. Here there is also a large walk-in closet and a bathroom, while the second bedroom, also with bathroom, leads to the terrace paved in dark wood to recall that of the walls. A detail along the stairs reveals the passion of Daniel, a driver who has been racing for years at an amateur level: a long and narrow window vertically cuts the wall allowing a view of the racing Lotus in the garage.
Photos by Alberto Franceschi.