In Eastern languages, Kinoya means house among the trees. It means inserting architecture within a park with greenery entering the building. This was the principle for the project that architect Davide Ceron created for a young couple who wanted a house in the Parco del Sile near Treviso. Working in this context, respecting the place and the project, has meant bringing nature inside and architecture outside. From these assumptions the idea of a single-storey building, close to the ground, not imposing, was born, able to guarantee complete physical and visual permeability between indoor and outdoor. The full-height windows reflect the continuous movement of nature that takes on ever-changing colors and shadows throughout the day and over the seasons.
"The Sile Park Authority", explains Ceron, "manages the areas that are part of the territory around the river. An interface, with the aim of protecting the environment, with the Superintendency of Venice which has the task of skimming the interventions by placing stakes and then delivering the file to the Superintendency which is responsible for giving its opinion on the matter. In our case, together with the client, a tough battle with the administration of the Municipality, the Park Authority and the Superintendency to avoid falling on the classic stereotypes of the 'rural' architectural style, because in many areas the territorial administrations, who more less, they have in mind the idea that in the countryside one must operate in a certain way. So we find ourselves making the little house in the woods with brick detail, with the wooden shutter always the same, with roof and baskets, eaves made in a certain way and so on. In this case we really dared because we wanted to make a completely different architecture going against all the usual requirements and we were able to do it thanks to a regulatory excuse that is the House Plan and the law in derogation. In the end, the Superintendence showed sensitivity ”.
The result is Kinoya, a green building that respects a classic geometry: a rectangle (about 7.5 meters on the short side and 18 m on the long side) with two slopes where the protrusions are at a minimum and the lines are clean. The roof is made of corrugated sheet metal, the windows are large with very thin aluminum profiles and there are no darkening systems. A single floor with very generous internal heights (5.5 meters at the highest point) that houses two bedrooms, one study, two bathrooms and the living area.
"An interesting aspect conceived together with the client", continues the designer, "is the elimination of most of the interior doors. Kinoya is a kind of unique space with internal geometries that allow privacy. From one side of the house to the other, on the shorter side two windows allow you to look across the house to the long east-west side. The main entrance of the house is located in the large glass wall with the external porch. A small portion of the slide is the entrance, while the further 6.5 meters are the actual slide. Despite its size, it opens and slides easily. Outside, a loggia carved into the rectangle that when the large window opens allows you to create a single environment between inside and outside. I'm happy with the result. Not so much for the architectural aspect, which has particular peculiarities, but above all because Kinoya is the result of a deep understanding with the clients and this represents the heart of a design. We are architects but we are called to do something for someone else. If the architect-client relationship works, you really have the opportunity to do some interesting things. Otherwise it's just stepping on your feet and the results won't be good. "
The name Kinoya was chosen by the client. Each building has its own soul and this house was designed in the middle of the trees, aligned with the rows of trees because it was the very place that asked not to be contaminated. Then there are details such as the fixed glass window of the kitchen which is something special: a sort of place to sit and be able to look out at nature as if through a painting. Glimpses of nature, something that would allow you to look at this place. Hence the importance of the windows.
The builder is Stilenatura, a company specializing in green building and wooden houses with X-Lam technology in laminated fir. “Our studio has collaborated with Stilenatura many times already, I know them well and we are friends”, explains the architect Ceron. "The double need for integration passes through the insertion of architecture within nature, and therefore the forms are simplified, the colors are integrated with the tints of the context, and the choice of materials is determined by the need for reinterpretation of a typical repertoire of the countryside, where the technical solutions are embellished by their simplicity and authenticity. Through his work, the architect has the duty and pleasure to complete the world, transform existing landscapes and create new ones, always adding new elements to nature. "
Kinoya is in energy class A4. The foundations are ventilated crawl space through an igloo with over-insulated tub. The structure is in Xlam in spruce wood, covered in lamellar beams. The insulation includes a 14 cm coat in glass wool, ventilated roof in corrugated sheet with 22 cm of wood fiber, glass wool for the interior. The heating system is autonomous at low temperature with radiant floor panels, thermoregulation in every room. Kinoya has underfloor cooling and controlled mechanical ventilation for air exchange and dehumidification. Electricity is produced thanks to 6.5 kW of photovoltaic panels to power an air-water heat pump that provides thermal energy and domestic hot water. The interior floors are in industrial concrete with an acid-etched cloudy finish and the roof beams and walls are in anthracite.
“We take the contracts from design to delivery of the keys”, says Andrea Amadio, owner of Stilenatura. “We have standard but customizable modules. The customer can start from one of these projects and then develop it with us or with his own designer or take it as it is. We opened in 2010 and we have had a constantly growing market. For green building constructions there are concessions but they depend from municipality to municipality. They range from tax relief to non-repayable contributions. There are also discounts on insurance and a larger building volume for extensions. We have worked with various window and door manufacturers and recently with Agostini. The large window, rather heavy, did not create particular problems for the installation. Green building goes a lot on residential but also for kindergartens, cellars are increasingly made of green building and wood. Even elevations, clubs, restaurants, farmhouses are increasingly attentive to the green also for construction times which are more than halved. "
Made by Agostini Group, the large minimal glass window is in Minimal Frames aluminum with thermal break. The minimal windows represent a new way of conceiving the habitat in its rarefied essentiality. Space is the absolute protagonist, captured in its purity, flooded with light. The retractable glass door and the reduced profiles give up unnecessary details, leaving the eye with an uncontaminated view of the outdoor spaces. With the maximum thermal and acoustic insulation performance guaranteed by the company's technology. The profiles allow a reduced and contained visual impact, only 4 mm of door profile are visible on the entire perimeter and only 24 mm of vertical profile along the central meeting. In Kinoya, 55.2 be glazing was installed, a chamber with argon gas and a Super Spacer thermal spacer for a Uw thermal transmittance of 1.2 W / m2K. The minimal frame finish is embossed black 9005 and an electromechanical lock has been installed that allows entry and exit without the use of a handle, which can also be operated remotely. It measures 7.5 meters wide by a height of 2.55 m. It is made up of three doors with a respective weight of 370 + 370 + 190 kg.